How to Prevent Common Eye Problems?

There are around 200 different eye illnesses, ranging from the common (like dry eye disease DED) to the uncommon (like glaucoma and cataracts). Others have no symptoms and can lead to complete blindness before people realize what is happening. Preventable vision loss can be reduced through various therapies pharmacists and healthcare professionals can provide to their patients. This article explains how to identify at-risk patients and counsel them on preventing common eye problems. 

1- Reduce Your Alcohol Intake


Living an unhealthy lifestyle that includes excessive alcohol use might harm one’s vision. DED (also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca) is a disorder where the eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too rapidly, resulting in the eyes drying up and becoming red, swollen, and irritating. Alcohol usage has been shown to increase the signs and symptoms of DED. 

Age-related macular degeneration and other recognized causes of blindness have been linked to heavy alcohol intake. It has been observed that heavy drinking, defined as consuming more than 30g of alcohol per day, is associated with more risk of developing early AMD. By altering the processes that prevent oxidative stress, alcohol has been linked to the development of AMD. Cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens) are more common in people who drink a lot of alcohol. However, the connection is less clear.

2- Stop Smoking


The incidence and progression of AMD have been linked to a higher likelihood of the disease being triggered by a history of cigarette smoking. The formation of cataracts has also been linked to the amount of cigarette smoke inhaled. Diabetic retinopathy (the blocking of blood vessels in the eye’s back area), DED, and glaucoma have all been related (a condition is affecting the optic nerve).

3- Use Sunglasses to Shield Your Eyes From the Sun’s Rays


Several eye diseases, including cataracts and cancer, have been linked to high amounts of ultraviolet (UV) and light exposure. Prescription glasses now come with a UV filter, but not all sunglasses do the same. Counseling patients to verify that their sunglasses meet European and British standards and are of the correct filter category for their use is vital in protecting them from harmful UV rays. 

4- Decrease Screen Time


Computer vision syndrome (CVS), a group of eye symptoms linked to computer use, is at its peak due to our increasing reliance on digital devices. CVS symptoms fall into one of four groups:

  • Strain in the eyes
  • Painful or dry eyes related to the ocular surface
  • Visual fog; difficulty focusing
  • Other non-ocular symptoms

The one who spends time in front of a computer or other screen should be instructed to observe the 20:20:20 rule to avoid weariness (every 20 minutes, individuals take a 20-second break and focus on an object 20 feet away)

Adapt lighting and glare, ventilation, screen and seating design, and blue light to the viewing environment.

Aqueous-deficient DED can be managed by following simple guidelines.

  • Treat with ocular lubricants and artificial tears.
  • Topical anti-inflammatory drugs (such as cyclosporine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops, or corticosteroid eye drops) may be administered for moderate-to-severe symptoms.
  • Treatment of more advanced DED often requires the use of sodium hyaluronate.
  • Lubricating eye drops may alleviate symptoms. OTC eye remedies come in sprays, drops, gels, ointments, etc.

5- Consistently Perform Vision Tests


The recommended interval for eye examinations is every two years for most adults. As a result, some high-risk patients are advised to have more often scheduled eye tests. Patients who are:

  • Afro-Caribbean or Asian
  • Are 40 years of age or older
  • Have a family history of glaucoma
  • Have diabetes 
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Taking systemic or topical corticosteroids is at more risk. 

6- Follow Expert’s Instructions Regarding Lens Hygiene 


A foreign object on the eye’s surface and a wet and warm environment might lead to complications if contact lenses are misused. 

  • Before handling contact lenses, make sure your hands are clean and dry.
  • Don’t use tap water to wash your lenses, Acanthamoeba, which can cause sight-threatening infections)
  • An optometrist will likely recommend a specific brand of contact lens solution.
  • Contact lens cases should be cleaned with lens solution and replaced once a week. After each use of the lenses, the solution in the case should be replaced.
  • Avoid swimming or bathing while wearing contact lenses unless specifically instructed to do so by an optometrist or eye care professional.
  • Lenses should never be swapped or shared.
  • Put on makeup, and then take it off once you’ve taken out your contact lenses.
  • The risk of microbial keratitis and DED is increased when lenses are worn for longer than the prescribed period of 16 hours per day.
  • Lenses should not be worn overnight unless specifically made for this purpose;
  • Attend follow-up appointments regularly (at least once per year).
  • Contact an optometrist if you notice redness or pain or lose your eyesight.

You should all of the above advice to prevent common eye problems. If you experience any discomfort in your eyes, then don’t avoid it and consult a specialist. You should visit an Eye Specialist in Lahore to get a detailed and expert checkup. You can make an appointment with the Best Eye Specialist in Lahore through Marham.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1- Is it better to use the dark mode for your eyes?


Some persons who spend a lot of time staring at the screen may benefit from using the dark mode to decrease eye strain and dryness. Dark mode hasn’t been proven to do anything other than lengthening your device’s battery life conclusively.

2- Is it safe to use a blue light filter?


According to research, cutting out 94% of blue light can reduce cancer risk. Several studies have found that exposure to blue light can cause lasting visual abnormalities. The back of your retina receives nearly 100 percent of the blue light that enters your eyes.

3- Is it beneficial to use computer glasses?


If you’re suffering from digital eye strain, computer glasses may assist in alleviating the discomfort.

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